Quantitative assessment of cattle behaviours on board livestock ships
Year Published: 2009
This report details the results of a study investigating the behaviour of cattle during a commercial live
shipment from Australia to the Middle East. Behavioural observations were made of Bos taurus x
Bos indicus cattle. Point sampling was used to assess behaviour at 10 minute intervals throughout the first 10 days of the voyage and the behaviours recorded included number of animals lying down, standing, feeding,
drinking, physical interaction between the animals and self grooming (licking and rubbing).