R&D Report

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Bedding management and air quality on livestock vessels - A literature review
Project Code:  W.LIV.0290

Year of Published: 2016

This review looks at the research studies conducted over the past 15 years into air quality and bedding management for improving environmental conditions on livestock vessels. 

The review is divided into three sections focusing on air quality and environmental monitoring (temperature, pad moisture and emissions), bedding management (management strategies and ventilation), and the issue of reporting (advances in environmental monitoring technology). 

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National livestock export industry sheep, cattle and goat transport performance report 2015
Project Code:  W.LIV.0291

Year of Published: 2016

This report provides a comprehensive analysis of the performance of the livestock export industry in terms of mortality levels of sheep, cattle and goats exported by sea and air from Australia during 2014.  The report provides a breakdown of mortality trends by ship, species, time of year, load ports and major destinations.

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Identifying the causes of mortality in cattle exported to the Middle East
Project Code:  W.LIV.0252
Identifying the causes of mortality in cattle exported to the Middle East - APPENDICES

Year of Published: 2016

This project originated from concerns over mortalities in cattle exported from Australia to the Middle East that had been attributed to respiratory disease. This project was based on a collaborative and innovative approach involving a total of 194,216 cattle over twenty voyages. During the study, 50% of deaths were caused by bovine respiratory disease (BRD), 15% by musculoskeletal and injury-related conditions, and the remaining deaths were due to a range of causes. The findings of the study reinforce the importance of performing gross necropsy examination as relying on clinical observations is a highly unreliable basis for diagnosing BRD as a cause of death. 

This project studied BRD epidemiology noting the presence of BCoV and the role of exposure to BRD pathogens while in co-mingling environments. The findings of the project also highlight the critical influence of cattle management strategies to decrease the risk of BRD regardless of vaccination status. 

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National livestock export industry sheep, cattle and goat transport performance report 2014
Project Code:  W.LIV.0288

Year of Published: 2015

This report provides a comprehensive analysis of the performance of the livestock export industry in terms of mortality levels of sheep, cattle and goats exported by sea and air from Australia during 2014.  The report provides a breakdown of mortality trends by ship, species, time of year, load ports and major destinations.

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National livestock export industry sheep, cattle and goat transport performance report 2013
Project Code:  W.LIV.0288

Year of Published: 2014

This report provides a comprehensive analysis of the performance of the Australian livestock export industry in terms of mortality levels during the 2013 calendar year. The report focuses on cattle, sheep and goats exported by sea and air, as well as providing a breakdown of mortality trends by ship, species, time of year, load ports and major destinations. The overall mortality level for each species continued to decline from the levels recorded in 2012. 

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Veterinary Handbook for cattle, sheep and goats app

Year of Published: 2014

The Veterinary Handbook app is a mobile phone/tablet resource that includes information on the diagnosis, treatment, prevention and associated syndromes of diseases in cattle, sheep and goats.

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Improving standing stun restraint in Indonesia
Project Code:  W.LIV.0397
W.LIV.0397 Addendum

Year of Published: 2013

The task of retro fitting the Mark 1 restraining box came about as a result of real concerns expressed by the Australian cattle industry in relation to the supply chain issues and humane slaughter of Australian cattle in Indonesia. The specific issue of concern related to the improper use of the Mark 1 restraining box.

The original purpose of this project was to develop, install, and validate to OIE standards; modifications to the existing Mark 1 restraining box to allow it to be used for either stun or stick of bovine animals in the upright position. This objective was modified after the project commenced so as to align with the Australian industries preferred option of stunning livestock prior to slaughter. Whilst slaughter without stunning is condoned in the OIE guidelines it is the view of the Australian industry that stunning prior to slaughter represents a more humane and more efficient method of slaughter.

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Indonesian Cattle Breeding Demonstration – Way Laga
Project Code:  W.LIV.0393

Year of Published: 2013

This project studied the performance of 50 pregnant Brahman heifers managed within an integrated cattle and palm oil plantation production model in Indonesia.  The project report outlines the project design and the outcomes of the trial, as well as making recommendations for increasing the commercial viability of this integrated breeding model. 

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Refining stocking densities
Project Code:  W.LIV.0253

Year of Published: 2013

This research project was undertaken to address the knowledge gap that exists regarding the effects of stocking density on the welfare outcomes of cattle and sheep during sea transport.

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National livestock export industry shipboard performance report 2012
Project Code:  W.LIV.0285

Year of Published: 2013

This report provides summary information about mortalities in sheep and cattle during sea transport from Australia in 2012 to allow industry, government and others to monitor mortality trends in the live sheep and cattle trades.

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The Australian Livestock Export Industry

LiveCorp works closely with industry stakeholders to continuously improve performance in animal health and welfare, supply chain efficiency and market access through the provision of technical services and research, development and extension (RD&E).
Australian livestock can only be exported by a licensed Australian exporter and cannot be exported to all countries. If you would like to export livestock from Australia you can contact an exporter by submitting a trade enquiry below.

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