R&D Report

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Preparation of rangeland goats for live export
Project Code:  W.LIV.0159

Year of Published: 2016

Management of wild goats through the live export chain has in the past been problematic for the live export industry. Variation in management practices prior to export has meant it was difficult to pin-point reasons for variation in consignment performance and as such since 2008 there has been a restriction on exporter licenses which bans the long haul shipment of goats by sea.

This project identified a number of management knowledge gaps in the goat live export supply chain, particularly in the pre export preparation phase of wild captured goats. In consultation with industry, these knowledge gaps were developed into research priorities. This project sought to address these priorities with the aim of minimising the risks and barriers associated with long haul shipment of goats. 

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Bedding management and air quality on livestock vessels - A literature review
Project Code:  W.LIV.0290

Year of Published: 2016

This review looks at the research studies conducted over the past 15 years into air quality and bedding management for improving environmental conditions on livestock vessels. 

The review is divided into three sections focusing on air quality and environmental monitoring (temperature, pad moisture and emissions), bedding management (management strategies and ventilation), and the issue of reporting (advances in environmental monitoring technology). 

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National livestock export industry sheep, cattle and goat transport performance report 2015
Project Code:  W.LIV.0291

Year of Published: 2016

This report provides a comprehensive analysis of the performance of the livestock export industry in terms of mortality levels of sheep, cattle and goats exported by sea and air from Australia during 2014.  The report provides a breakdown of mortality trends by ship, species, time of year, load ports and major destinations.

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Identifying the causes of mortality in cattle exported to the Middle East
Project Code:  W.LIV.0252
Identifying the causes of mortality in cattle exported to the Middle East - APPENDICES

Year of Published: 2016

This project originated from concerns over mortalities in cattle exported from Australia to the Middle East that had been attributed to respiratory disease. This project was based on a collaborative and innovative approach involving a total of 194,216 cattle over twenty voyages. During the study, 50% of deaths were caused by bovine respiratory disease (BRD), 15% by musculoskeletal and injury-related conditions, and the remaining deaths were due to a range of causes. The findings of the study reinforce the importance of performing gross necropsy examination as relying on clinical observations is a highly unreliable basis for diagnosing BRD as a cause of death. 

This project studied BRD epidemiology noting the presence of BCoV and the role of exposure to BRD pathogens while in co-mingling environments. The findings of the project also highlight the critical influence of cattle management strategies to decrease the risk of BRD regardless of vaccination status. 

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National livestock export industry sheep, cattle and goat transport performance report 2014
Project Code:  W.LIV.0288

Year of Published: 2015

This report provides a comprehensive analysis of the performance of the livestock export industry in terms of mortality levels of sheep, cattle and goats exported by sea and air from Australia during 2014.  The report provides a breakdown of mortality trends by ship, species, time of year, load ports and major destinations.

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National livestock export industry sheep, cattle and goat transport performance report 2013
Project Code:  W.LIV.0288

Year of Published: 2014

This report provides a comprehensive analysis of the performance of the Australian livestock export industry in terms of mortality levels during the 2013 calendar year. The report focuses on cattle, sheep and goats exported by sea and air, as well as providing a breakdown of mortality trends by ship, species, time of year, load ports and major destinations. The overall mortality level for each species continued to decline from the levels recorded in 2012. 

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Antibiotic medication for the treatment of Pink Eye in pre-export feedlots
Project Code:  W.LIV.0163

Year of Published: 2014

This report investigates the most effective treatments for Infectious ovine keratoconjunctivitis (IOK) or Pink Eye. A number of experiments were conducted to determine the most effective treatment for sheep with differing grades of IOK infection. Treatments that were tested included Oxytetracycline (OTC) delivered in-water, in-feed or by intramuscular injection.

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Camel Live Export Supply Chain and Benefit Cost Analysis
Project Code:  W.LIV.0179

Year of Published: 2014

This report was undertaken in order to determine the economic feasibility of a live camel export trade in Australia. The report provides an analysis of the supply chain requirements, an economic benefit cost analysis for the period 2013 to 2033 and an assessment of the regulatory requirements of the trade, including ESCAS. The report also identifies areas and strategies which could support the economic success of an Australian live camel export trade. 

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ESCAS - Development of a risk management and quality assurance program
Project Code:  W.LIV.3014

Year of Published: 2014

This project considers the feasibility and requirements of a risk management and quality assurance program to complement the Exporter Supply Chain Assurance System that includes the portfolio of research already developed by the industry and Government.

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Investigation of ventilation efficacy on live sheep vessels
Project Code:  LIVE.0212

Year of Published: 2014

This study/project was undertaken to investigate the ventilation effects of specific vessels carrying sheep and goats from Australia following the completion of ‘Shipboard ventilation project’ that mainly focused upon ventilation efficacy on cattle vessels. The report presents risk management options in the shipment of sheep, lambs and goats and provides options for heat stress management planning.

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The Australian Livestock Export Industry

LiveCorp works closely with industry stakeholders to continuously improve performance in animal health and welfare, supply chain efficiency and market access through the provision of technical services and research, development and extension (RD&E).
Australian livestock can only be exported by a licensed Australian exporter and cannot be exported to all countries. If you would like to export livestock from Australia you can contact an exporter by submitting a trade enquiry below.

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